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Живопись Маслом

Oil Paintings

Oil paintings are invaluable and of historic importance, it has to be said. They are the mirror of arts and culture of a particular nation in a particular period of times. These truly represent an age. There are thousands of galleries where the highly skilled artists are busy in creating and reproducing the high quality oil paintings of wide range of styles.

Oil painting is done on surfaces with pigments that are ground and mixed into a medium of oil. Painters often use different oils in the same painting depending on specific pigments and effects desired. The paints themselves also develop a particular feel depending on the mediums.

Painting is the practice of applying color to a surface (support) such as paper, canvas, wood, glass, or other. However, artistically, term 'painting' means the use of this activity in combination with drawing, composition and other aesthetic considerations in order to manifest the expressive and conceptual intention of the practitioner. Painting is used as a mode of representing, documenting and expressing all the varied intents and subjects that are as numerous as there are practitioners of the craft.

The process of oil painting varies from artist to artist. However, it involves certain important steps. First, the artist prepares the surface. The most popular surface used is canvas. The other surfaces are linoleum, wooden panel, pressed wood, and cardboard. Many famous paintings were painted on panel (for instance Da Vinci's Mona Lisa). Large paintings are usually done on canvas as panels are heavy.

The traditional artists have used the canvas made from linen. But the less expensive cotton fabric has gained popularity. First of all, a wooden frame called a stretcher' or 'strainer' is prepared by the artist. The canvas is then pulled across the wooden frame and tacked or stapled tightly to the back edge. Then the artist applies a 'size' to isolate the canvas from the acidic qualities of the paint. Traditionally, the canvas was coated with a layer of animal glue and primed with lead white paint, sometimes with added chalk.

Next the artist might sketch an outline of their subject prior to applying pigment to the surface. The pigment is mixed with oil. With the availability of Oil Paints in tubes, Artists have been able to mix colors quickly and easily without having to grind their own pigments.

To apply the paint, the artist most often uses a brush. These brushes are made from a variety of fibers to create different effects. For example, brushes made with hog's bristle might be used for bolder strokes. Brushes made from miniver, might be used for finer details. Sizes of brushes also create different effects. For example, a 'round' is a pointed brush used for detail work. 'Bright' brushes are used to apply broad swaths of color. The artist might also apply paint with a palette knife, which is a flat, metal blade. A palette knife may also be used to remove paint from the canvas when necessary. A variety of unconventional tools, such as rags, sponges, and cotton swabs, may be used. Some artists even paint with their fingers.

Oil paintings are probably developed for decorative or functional purposes. Oil Paintings can be naturalistic and representational (as in a still life or landscape painting), photographic, abstract, be loaded with narrative content, symbolism, emotion or be political in nature.

Different styles of oil paintings like Floral, Landscape, Still life, Rural and Cultural, Street scenes are very popular among the people. They use to decorate their homes and offices with these lovely looking and high quality oil Paintings. They also like to send the gifts of these Oil Paintings to their friends, relatives and colleagues. Oil Paintings Portraits are always been in high demand. However, there is a trend of Oil Painting portraits of pets and even the non living things like sports cars.